Integer literals and variable assignment in C, and naming conventions

Variable initialisation

Variable initialisation

when doing eg "int myvar;" we are:

+ declaraing: saying the variable exists for the code + defining: allocates memory for it

distinction is important, can split up in eg "extern"

Variables

Assigning literals to variables

Variables rather than addresses within a scope memory location is equivalent to variable: in high level and variables

We can assign a value to a variable by eg:

int a = 10;

This does two different things. First it declares the variable $$a$$. This assigns part of the memory for the variable. Secondly it defines the value of the memory represented by the variable to $$10$$.

These can be split out as follows.

int a;
a = 10;

If the variable is declared before it is defined it is an uninitialised variable, and its value is undefined.

In addition to decimal we can also set values using other literals.

int a = 10;
int b = 010;
int c = 0x10;

Here $$b$$ is octal because of the first $$0$$ in the literal. In decimal it is 8. $$c$$ is hexidecimal because of the first $$0x$$ in the literal. In decimal it is 16.

Assigning variables from other variables

We can also assign variables from other variables.

int a = 10;
int b = a;

The following is valid syntax but unlikely to be what was intended.

int a = 10;
int b;
int c = b = a;

Note on lvalues

lvalue in c identifiable location in memory. not a constant. not a function. not a literal, not a calculation eg (a+b)

left has to be lvalue. right can be lvalue or not int a = 1; // OK. a is an lvalue. doesnâ€™t matter what right is. int b = a; // OK. b is an lvalue. right is also an lvalue, which is ok. (a+b) = 5; // not OK 5 = a; // Not OK left hand side has to be an lvalue. has to be an address we can set result of right hand side to.

Naming conventions

Camel case

CamelCase lowerCamelCase UpperCamelCase

Kebab case

Kebab-Case Upper-Kebab-Case lower-kebab-case

Snake case

Snake_Case lower_snake_case Upper_Snake_Case

Introduction

Reserved

$$\_C$$ where C is any capital as variables for C. reserved.